Pristine signature on an autograph page: "Jno. W. Caldwell - Russellville - Ky", 5.5" x 3.5", most likely executed while representing Kentucky in the United States House of Representatives.
American politician and "Southern Sympathizer" from Kentucky. Although he opposed secession, Caldwell entered the Confederate States Army and was immediately elected Captain of the "Logan Grays", a Confederate regiment from Logan County, Kentucky. When Confederate forces under Simon Bolivar Buckner entered Kentucky, Caldwell let the Grays to Bowling Green where they became Company A of the 9th Kentucky infantry under John C. Breckinridge. After Sidney Johnson's retreat from Bowling Green, Caldwell commanded the 9th Kentucky until relieved by Col. Thomas H. Hunt on his return from New Orleans. At the Battle of Shiloh, Caldwell received several wounds, including a badly broken left arm. Sixty-five percent of his company was killed or wounded in battle. Following the battle, he was promoted to major, and when the 9th Kentucky was reorganized six weeks later he was elected its Lieutenant Colonel. Caldwell again broke his left arm at the Battle of Chicamauga but he declined a medical retirement and rejoined his regiment in Dalton, Georgia. At the end of the war he surrendered his forces at Washington, Georgia and was paroled as a prisoner of war on May 6th 1865.
Condition: Very Good