New York: G. Hayward's Lith, 1850.
Lithograph. 8 1/8" x 14 1/4".
This lithograph, made for D.T. Valentine's "Manual of the Common Council of the City of New York" from 1850, depicts the Croton Aqueduct. Construction of the aqueduct began in the 1830s in response to fires and epidemics spreading in New York City. The brick tunnel cut through hills, rocks, and valleys to maintain a steady gradient that could efficiently deliver water to New York City. When it was completed in 1842, the aqueduct marked an important advancement in the city's water system, and it continues today as an important water supply. This image shows the stone arches spanning across the Harlem River, with a sailboat seen passing under the arches. This aqueduct is now known as "High Bridge", the oldest bridge in New York City, connecting Upper Manhattan to the Bronx. The print has some wear at the original fold.D.T. Valentine (1801-1869) served as the Deputy to the Clerk of the Common Council for thirty-seven years and took it upon himself to compile the "Manuals," which he updated and published annually from 1841-1866. These manuals were directories of extensive historical and contemporary records of New York, richly illustrated with maps, lithographs, and engravings.