New York: Julius Bien & Co.; US War Department, 1864.
Map. Color lithograph. Image measures 16 1/2" x 27 3/8"
This fascinating sheet from "Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (1861-1865)" shows a map of the Arizona/New Mexico region, accompanying the report of Brig. Gen. J.H. Carleton, US Army. The map is highly detailed, with extensive labels indicating wagon roads, trails and other routes; rivers, streams, springs, and dry riverbeds; and military posts both abandoned and occupied. Relief is shown by both hachures and contour lines. Three inset maps to the right depict the Battle of Chickamauga, GA (Sept. 1963); a skirmish with rebel forces at Dardanelle, Arkansas (January 14, 1865); and the Battle-field of Shiloh, Tennessee (April 6, 1862). In these battle sketches, blue lines for the Union and red for the Confederacy show the geographical location of the various armies. Minor tears and chips at margins, not affecting the image. This map is a wonderful piece that boldly documents American history. Julius Bien (1826-1909) was an American lithographic printer and cartographer based in New York City. During the course of the second half of the 19th century, he produced thousands of maps for both public and private publishers. Some of his most notable commissions were for the U.S. government, including many geological maps that redefined the cartographic visualization of geology. Bien's prolific output and contributions to the development of chromolithography make him one of the most significant map printers of his time.