New York: Julius Bien & Co., 1895.
Map. Color lithograph. Image measures 16 1/2" x 27 3/8"
This fascinating sheet from "Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (1861-1865)" shows six Civil War maps accompanying various reports by military generals. Five of the maps highlight the military campaigns in Tennessee toward the end of 1863, and the sixth depicts the campaign in Louisiana in 1864. Blue lines for the Union and red for the Confederacy show the geographical location of the various armies. Beyond this historical information, the map is highly detailed in itself, with an index that includes cities, capitals, railroads, canals, towns, villages, and forts. Relief is shown by both hachures and contour lines. Minor tears and chips at margins, not affecting the image. This map is a wonderful piece that boldly documents American history. Julius Bien (1826-1909) was an American lithographic printer and cartographer based in New York City. During the course of the second half of the 19th century, he produced thousands of maps for both public and private publishers. Some of his most notable commissions were for the U.S. government, including many geological maps that redefined the cartographic visualization of geology. Bien's prolific output and contributions to the development of chromolithography make him one of the most significant map printers of his time.