Map. Engraving with original outline coloring. 17 3/8 x 21 1/2 inches. Sheet measures 21 x 25 inches. Split to lower center margin, some creases to upper margin but otherwise good condition and majestic coloring.
Elegant and rare map of the Upper Nile Kingdom, of what is now Ethiopia and Eritrea in 1683. Portuguese missionaries were the first Europeans to describe the source of the Blue Nile. The Blue Nile flows south from Lake Tana and then west across Ethiopia and northwest into Sudan and meet the White Nile to form the Nile in Egypt. The sources of the Nile had been searched for since antiquity. A legend of symbols is included in the lower right, and the lower center cartouche is a guide to the pronunciation of toponyms. This large scale map is beautifully designed with animals and pictorial mountains throughout. The best Draco on 17th century maps is included with a single horned Rhino and African elephants with large ears. Here the Draco has four legs, wing membranes supported from the thorax and a typical Draco head. Animals and maps by Wilma George pp. 159-160. Item 30 in Bodenstein's 'Exploring Africa with Ancient Maps' Royal Museum for Central Africa.