SCHENK, Gerard and VALK, Peter, 1708.
Map. Engraving with hand coloring. Framed: 25 1/2" x 28". Image: 16 3/4" x 19 3/4". (no glazing with frame)
This celestial chart shows the heliocentric model of the universe, as proposed by the Polish astronomer, Nicolaus Copernicus, in the first half of the 16th Century. Originally published by Cellarius in his Harmonia Macrocosmica, the map illustrates the Copernican system of the Universe, as described by Copernicus in his De revolutionibus orbium coelestium in 1543. His heliocentric model, with the Sun at the center of the universe, demonstrated that the observed motions of celestial objects can be explained without the Earth in the center of the universe. His work spurred further scientific investigations, becoming a landmark in the history of science that is often referred to as the Copernican Revolution. The model lays on a background of clouds and cherubs. In the bottom left corner is a blindfolded man sitting with a globe. In the bottom right, sits a man holding a torch. Small repairs upper center ring, repairs and image loss to Africa and lower ring. Andreas Cellarius (1595-1665) is the author of the Harmonia Macrocosmica (first published in 1660), a folio-sized work that is one of the most spectacular cosmographical atlases that was published. Gerard Valk (1652-1726) was a based publisher, engraver and globe maker from Amsterdam. He moved to London and 1672 where he worked with other map and print sellers. He later began working closely with Petrus Schenk. Although they never shared the same premises, the two worked closely together, taking advantage of the bustling cartographic trade in the city and quickly expanded their business from portraits and prints into maps and globes. Hard to find.