New York: G. Hayward's Lith, 1850.
Lithograph. 6 1/4" x 9".
This lithograph, made for D.T. Valentine's "Manual of the Common Council of the City of New York" from 1861, depicts the Croton Aqueduct. Construction of the aqueduct began in the 1830s in response to fires and epidemics spreading in New York City. The brick tunnel cut through hills, rocks, and valleys to maintain a steady gradient that could efficiently deliver water to New York City. This image shows a triangular swath of the aqueduct's stone facing as built into a hill, with the horseshoe-shaped tunnel visible at the lower left. When it was completed in 1842, the aqueduct marked an important advancement in the city's water system, and it continues today as an important water supply.
The print has light staining in the upper right corner and wear at the original fold.
D.T. Valentine (1801-1869) served as the Deputy to the Clerk of the Common Council for thirty-seven years and took it upon himself to compile the "Manuals," which he updated and published annually from 1841-1866. These manuals were directories of extensive historical and contemporary records of New York, richly illustrated with maps, lithographs, and engravings.