London: Emanuel Bowen.
Map. Uncolored Engraving. Sheet measures 13.75 x 16.5 inches. Page measures 15.5 x 18.25 inches.
This map of Brazil dates from the mid-18th century, when the Portuguese colony was in the midst of a gold rush. Full of identifying and descriptive detail, it documents the knowledge gained of the region "formerly called the Country of Saint Croix" as new people moved to and explored the region. Notes scattered throughout comment particularly on the rivers and mines, with one even pointing to a Native American settlement "said to abound with gold and silver." On the left, an inset map describes the island of Saint Catherine and surrounding smaller islands as situated off the Brazilian coast. Above, a decorative cartouche displays the map's title on a plinth surrounded by a bag of gold and a Native American.The map has been repaired at center fold line. Repair at top and bottom of center fold, Some slight chips at edges, repair to tear at bottom right corner.Emanuel Bowen (1714-1767) was an English map engraver who served as Royal Mapmaker to George II of England and Louis XV of France. He was well-regarded for his large, detailed, and accurate maps.