Madrid: Antonio Marin, 1735.
View. Uncolored engraving. Image measures 7.75" x 12.5".
This is a detailed view of the region of Cayambe, Ecuador. Beautifully rendered, the view includes a view of a shrine or temple of the ancient Indians, tombs of ancient Indians, the village of Cayambe and the "pucaras" or mountain fortresses that served as defences against the Inca invasions, which would lead to the eventual destruction of much of the Cayambi ethnicity. A key to the four locations marked on the map is included. The view is in good condition with minor stains in margins and minimal wear along the folds. From Antonio de Ulloa and Jorge Juan y Sanctilla's "Relacion historica del viage a la America Meridional hecho de orden de S. Mag. para medir algunos grados de meridiano terrestre y venir por ellos en conocimiento de la verdadera figura y magnitud de la tierra, con otras observaciones astronomicas..." This particular plan is from Part One, Volume Two, containing "Libro VI: Descripcion de la Provincia de Quito... - Indice de las materias y cosas notables contenidas en esta primera parte". Illustration by Vicente de la Fuente. Antonio de Ulloa (1716-1795) was a Spanish explorer, author, and politician considered one of the best European scientists of his time. He began his research in South America in concert with the French Academy of Sciences and traveled around the continent for ten years. His Relacion Historia del Viaje a la America Meridional, which he published with Jorge Juan y Sanctilla, provided a detailed geography and natural history of the continent. This map is a lovely example of the work they produced.
Illustrator: Vicente de la Fuente