Madrid: Antonio Marin, 1735.
Map. Uncolored engraving. Image measures 8" x 11.25".
This is detailed plan of the palace and fortress of the Incas located near the town of Canar in Ecuador. Rendered with utmost detail and precision, includes a key to the fifteen markings on the map. Most likely the Paradones del Inca, a palace, fortress and a sort of Labyrinth built by Tupac-Yupanqui (Topa Inca Yupanqui) near the town of Canar in the township of Cuenca in Quito Province, Ecuador. Visitors can still visit the ruins of the fortress. A decorative cartouche adorns the top center. The map is in good condition with minor stains in margins. Lower left corner includes a few worm holes. From Antonio de Ulloa and Jorge Juan y Sanctilla's "Relacion historica del viage a la America Meridional hecho de orden de S. Mag. para medir algunos grados de meridiano terrestre y venir por ellos en conocimiento de la verdadera figura y magnitud de la tierra, con otras observaciones astronomicas..." This particular plan is from Part One, Volume Two, containing "Libro VI: Descripcion de la Provincia de Quito... - Indice de las materias y cosas notables contenidas en esta primera parte". Illustration by Vicente de la Fuente. Antonio de Ulloa (1716-1795) was a Spanish explorer, author, and politician considered one of the best European scientists of his time. He began his research in South America in concert with the French Academy of Sciences and traveled around the continent for ten years. His Relacion Historia del Viaje a la America Meridional, which he published with Jorge Juan y Sanctilla, provided a detailed geography and natural history of the continent. This map is a lovely example of the work they produced.