Map. Engraving modern with hand coloring. Measures 18.25" x 21.5".
Pictorial map of Sri Lanka with wonderful illustrations of giant elephants, trees, mountains and rivers. North is oriented towards the left. Latin text verso Gerard Mercator (1512-1594) was an accomplished mathematician, cartographer, globe maker and engraver best known for the Mercator Projection. Incorporating the newly accepted fact that the world is round, Mercator was able to render longitude lines consistently straight on a chart. Although this requires some distortion, it was of great use for navigators; furthermore, it has since become historically important, as it is still the most commonly used projection today. Originally created by Mercator, this plate was issued after his death by the prominent engraver and instrument-maker Jodocus Hondius, who republished Mercator's work in many languages and editions. Although their partnership was only indirect, Mercator and Hondius are one of the most significant pairs in the history of mapmaking.