Paris: Jacques Nicolas Bellin, 1764.
Map. Uncolored engraving. Image measures 21 7/8" x 34 7/8". 1st State.
Fantastic early map of New York City. Details the fortress and city walls, streets and lots. A numbered key corresponds to notable buildings such as the governor's house and the armory. Based on a manuscript map by J.B.L. Franquelin of 1693, created during the French and Indian War. The focus on military function and details evokes the threat of attack by the French on the English, and is thought to have been reported by a spy (possibly John Reaux). Bellin reproduced the map 70 years later, although it was an outdated depiction of the city. Newer sources were simply unavailable. "Its crude, schematic look suggests something prepared quickly, perhaps even surreptitiously by a spy. Further, it emphasizes military pertinent detail, such as defenses the location of the powder magazine and gun emplacements." See Augustyn and Cohen, p.50. Small chip to lower right, very light staining to margins. Jacques Nicolas Bellin (1703-1772), was the official hydrographer to the French king and the first person to hold the title of "Ingénieur de la Marine of the Depot des cartes et plans de la Marine" (chief engineer of the French Hydrographical Office).
Condition: Very Good(+)