Madrid: 1748. Map. Uncolored engraving. Image measures 15 x 21". Sheet measures 17.5 x 26" at widest, 17.5 x 22.5" at smallest.
This detailed plan of Lima, Peru is one of the best available from this period of history. Drawn after the addition of the Rimac district, the map is rendered with the utmost detail and precision. Within the city's walls, the gridded layout of the streets is clearly discernible. Within each square, three-dimensional drawings of houses surround inner courtyards decorated with trees and gardens. The map is oriented with north to the bottom such that the Rimac River runs across the lower half of the sheet. Numbered keys decorated with foliage fill the upper corners, with a title cartouche and scale between them. The map appeared in Jorge Juan y Antonio de Ulloa's Relacion Historica del Viaje a la America Meridional. It is a dark impression in very good condition. Ample margins with chipping to the top, not affecting the image. Antonio de Ulloa (1716-1795) was a Spanish explorer, author, and politician considered one of the best European scientists of his time. He began his research in South America in concert with the French Academy of Sciences and traveled around the continent for ten years. His Relacion Historia del Viaje a la America Meridional, which he published with Jorge Juan y Sanctilla, provided a detailed geography and natural history of the continent. This map is a lovely example of the work they produced.