1726. Chart. Uncolored engraving. Image measures 12.25 x 16"
This rare chart shows Ambon Island, one of the so-called Spice Islands, otherwise known as the Maluku Islands, in Indonesia. Covered primarily in rainforests and mountains, the island was highly valued by the Dutch as a center of clove production. During the Dutch period, it also served as the seat of the Dutch resident and military commander of the island chain. An inset in the top right of the map shows Fort Victoria, where this commander resided. The map also features rhumb lines and compass rose. It is in god condition with minor overall wear. Some foxing and discoloration primarily around the edges of the image. Two small chips to margins not affecting the image. François Valentijn (1666-1727) was a Dutch minister and naturalist who worked as a missionary in India. He is best known for his "Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indiën," a monumental history and description of the East Indies and its surrounding lands that remains a significant primary source today. This map is a fascinating document of Dutch involvement in the region.