Washington D.C. Wendell and Van Benthuysen, 1848. Map. Engraving with hand coloring. Image measures 11.25 x 8"
This map depicts the 1846 Battle of San Pasqual, in North San Diego County, which was one of the earliest military battles fought in Upper California as part of the Mexican-American War. It was also one of the most controversial battles, such that some historians still do not agree on who was the victor. This map, then, provides a venue in which to continue the historical debate. The routes of General Kearney's army and the opposing Californios, led by Major Pico, are drawn as they meander among the valley's topography, culminating in the "Fight for the Hill." The map appeared in Emory's "Notes of a Military Reconnoissance," first published as a Senate Executive Document in the aftermath of the Mexican-American War. It is in vey good condition with no chips or years. Discoloration to right margin not affecting the image. William Hemsley Emory (1811-1887) was an United States Army officer and surveyor of Texas. After serving in the Mexican-American War, he helped conduct the land surveys that would determine the border between the U.S. and Mexico established in the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo. This map is a fascinating military document.