Date Published: 1870
Description: Map. Pen and ink with watercolor. Image measures 14.25 x 13.25"". Sheet measures 22x 15".
Comments: This pen and ink map of Brazil was produced in 1870 by Charles Edward Holt, then likely a student. While from afar, the map may look like a typical mass-produced engraving, a closer look reveals that the map was made by hand. Most telling, and perhaps most fascinating, is the handwritten text, intended to mimic the various fonts of a printed map. Occasional miscalculations of space needed have resulted in some squeezed-in words that remind the viewer of the eager--and perhaps frustrated--student behind the calligraphy pen. Holt has also taken great care to render Brazil's various mountain ranges in a manner that mimics the hachures of engraving. Pastel watercolors differentiate among localities and surround the continent with a light blue border. The map has some foxing and tears to margins. Signed "Charles Edward Holt. March 1870." and "Class V." below the map. Manuscript map-making was a useful educational tool in the 19th century, particularly as reform movements in the United States and Europe sought to improve the quality and accessibility of education. By redrawing a map in pen and ink, a student could practice skills in art, drafting, penmanship, and calligraphy, while at the same time reviewing geography.Language: English
Book ID: 251178